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Orthographic

Asha'ille

[1] 1 Eyen'lle

[2] Ne chifilei. [3] Ne nagá. [4] Ne chifilei t'nagá. [5] Ne nagá t'chifilei.

[6] 2 Eyen'lle

[7] Sirev chifilei ne nagá. [8] Pas gyarov nagá vel'An. [9] Sirev An ne chifilei. [10] Pas gyarov chifilei vel'nagá.

[11] 3 Eyen'lle

[12] Ne An t'Nat. [13] Sirev An ne hhe. [14] Sirev Nat ne vaelesh. [15] Ve'hhe ovjeith An ne Nat.

[16] 4 Eyen'lle

[17] Ne carnen t'sarn. [18] Pas pithev carnen; pas gyarov sarn. [19] Sirev carnen ne vaelesh. [20] Sirev sarn ne chi'vaelesh.

[21] 5 Eyen'lle — Do'llav

[22] Pas gyarov chifilei nagá. [23] Pas pithev An, t'ves pas gyarov Nat. [24] Pas gyarov nagá vel'Nat. [25] Ojo ve'hhe ovjeith An ne sarn? [26] Ne carnen t'sarn. [27] Sirev carnen ne chi'vaelesh. [28] Sirev sarn ne hhe. [29] Ojo sirev An ne vaelesh? [30] Sirev An ne vaelesh t'hhe.

English

[1] Lesson I

[2] A cat. [3] A rat. [4] A cat and a rat. [5] A rat and a cat.

[6] Lesson II

[7] The cat has a rat. [8] The rat ran at Ann. [9] Ann has a cat. [10] The cat ran at the rat.

[11] Lesson III

[12] Ann and Nat. [13] Ann has a fan. [14] Nat has a hat. [15] Ann can fan Nat.

[16] Lesson IV

[17] A man and a lad. [18] The man sat; the lad ran. [19] The man has a hat. [20] The lad has a cap.

[21] Lesson V — Review

[22] The cat and the rat ran. [23] Ann sat, and Nat ran. [24] A rat ran at Nat. [25] Can Ann fan the lad? [26] The man and the lad. [27] The man has a cap. [28] The lad has a fan. [29] Has Ann a hat? [30] Ann has a hat and a fan.

Parts of Speech Legend

adj
adjective
adv
adverb
conj
conjunction
mi
modifier
n
noun
part
particle
prop
proper name
prsn
person
tns
tense
v
verb

Interlinear

orthographic version
morphemic breakdown
IPA pronunciation
part of speech
English translation
[1] 1 Eyen'lle
sar eyen'lle
sɑɹ ɛjɛnlə̆ˈlɛ
adj n
one lesson
[1] Lesson I
Ne chifilei.
ne chifilei
t͡ʃɪˈfɪle
mi n
OBJ: housecat
A cat.
Ne nagá.
ne nagá
nɑˈɡɑ
mi n
OBJ: rat
A rat.
Ne chifilei t'nagá.
ne chifilei te nagá
t͡ʃɪˈfɪle nɑˈɡɑ
mi n conj n
OBJ: housecat and rat
A cat and a rat.
Ne nagá t'chifilei.
ne nagá te chifilei
nɑˈɡɑ t͡ʃɪˈfɪle
mi n conj n
OBJ: rat and housecat
A rat and a cat.
[6] 2 Eyen'lle
daed eyen'lle
ded ɛjɛnlə̆ˈlɛ
adj n
two lesson
[6] Lesson II
Sirev chifilei ne nagá.
sirev chifilei ne nagá
sɪˈɹɛv t͡ʃɪˈfɪle nɑˈɡɑ
v n mi n
have housecat OBJ: rat
The cat has a rat.
Pas gyarov nagá vel'An.
pas gyarov nagá vel An
pɑs ɡjɑˈɹov nɑˈɡɑ vɛl ɑn
tns v n adv prop
PST run rat TOWARD: Ann
The rat ran at Ann.
Sirev An ne chifilei.
sirev An ne chifilei
sɪˈɹɛv ɑn t͡ʃɪˈfɪle
v prop mi n
have Ann OBJ: housecat
Ann has a cat.
Pas gyarov chifilei vel'nagá.
pas gyarov chifilei vel nagá
pɑs ɡjɑˈɹov t͡ʃɪˈfɪle vɛl nɑˈɡɑ
tns v n adv n
PST run housecat TOWARD: rat
The cat ran at the rat.
[11] 3 Eyen'lle
aeg eyen'lle
ɛjɛnlə̆ˈlɛ
adj n
three lesson
[11] Lesson III
Ne An t'Nat.
ne An te Nat
ɑn nɑt
mi prop conj prop
OBJ: Ann and Nat
Ann and Nat.
Sirev An ne hhe.
sirev An ne hhe
sɪˈɹɛv ɑn hə̆ˈhɛ
v prop mi n
have Ann OBJ: fan
Ann has a fan.
Sirev Nat ne vaelesh.
sirev Nat ne vaelesh
sɪˈɹɛv nɑt ˈvelɛʃ
v prop mi n
have Nat OBJ: hat
Nat has a hat.
Ve'hhe ovjeith An ne Nat.
ve hhe ov -j- -eith An ne Nat
hə̆ˈhɛ ov d͡ʒ ɑn nɑt
adv n v part prsn prop mi prop
ADV: fan do able acq ring Ann OBJ: Nat
Ann can fan Nat.
[16] 4 Eyen'lle
mir eyen'lle
miɹ ɛjɛnlə̆ˈlɛ
adj n
four lesson
[16] Lesson IV
Ne carnen t'sarn.
ne carnen te sarn
ˈcɑɹnɛn sɑɹn
mi n conj n
OBJ: man and boy
A man and a lad.
Pas pithev carnen; pas gyarov sarn.
pas pithev carnen pas gyarov sarn
pɑs piˈθɛv ˈcɑɹnɛn pɑs ɡjɑˈɹov sɑɹn
tns v n tns v n
PST rest man PST run boy
The man sat; the lad ran.
Sirev carnen ne vaelesh.
sirev carnen ne vaelesh
sɪˈɹɛv ˈcɑɹnɛn ˈvelɛʃ
v n mi n
have man OBJ: hat
The man has a hat.
Sirev sarn ne chi'vaelesh.
sirev sarn ne chi- vaelesh
sɪˈɹɛv sɑɹn t͡ʃi ˈvelɛʃ
v n mi adj n
have boy OBJ: DIM hat
The lad has a cap.
[21] 5 Eyen'lle — Do'llav
car eyen'lle do'llav
kɑɹ ɛjɛnlə̆ˈlɛ dolə̆ˈlɑv
adj n v
five lesson review
[21] Lesson V — Review
Pas gyarov chifilei nagá.
pas gyarov chifilei nagá
pɑs ɡjɑˈɹov t͡ʃɪˈfɪle nɑˈɡɑ
tns v n n
PST run housecat rat
The cat and the rat ran.
Pas pithev An, t'ves pas gyarov Nat.
pas pithev An te ves pas gyarov Nat
pɑs piˈθɛv ɑn vɛs pɑs ɡjɑˈɹov nɑt
tns v prop conj adv tns v prop
PST rest Ann and WHILE: PST run Nat
Ann sat, and Nat ran.
Pas gyarov nagá vel'Nat.
pas gyarov nagá vel Nat
pɑs ɡjɑˈɹov nɑˈɡɑ vɛl nɑt
tns v n adv prop
PST run rat TOWARD: Nat
A rat ran at Nat.
Ojo ve'hhe ovjeith An ne sarn?
ojo ve hhe ov -j- -eith An ne sarn
ˈod͡ʒo hə̆ˈhɛ ov d͡ʒ ɑn sɑɹn
adv n v part prsn prop mi n
Y/N ADV: fan do able acq ring Ann OBJ: boy
Can Ann fan the lad?
Ne carnen t'sarn.
ne carnen te sarn
ˈcɑɹnɛn sɑɹn
mi n conj n
OBJ: man and boy
The man and the lad.
Sirev carnen ne chi'vaelesh.
sirev carnen ne chi- vaelesh
sɪˈɹɛv ˈcɑɹnɛn t͡ʃi ˈvelɛʃ
v n mi adj n
have man OBJ: DIM hat
The man has a cap.
Sirev sarn ne hhe.
sirev sarn ne hhe
sɪˈɹɛv sɑɹn hə̆ˈhɛ
v n mi n
have boy OBJ: fan
The lad has a fan.
Ojo sirev An ne vaelesh?
ojo sirev An ne vaelesh
ˈod͡ʒo sɪˈɹɛv ɑn ˈvelɛʃ
v prop mi n
Y/N have Ann OBJ: hat
Has Ann a hat?
Sirev An ne vaelesh t'hhe.
sirev An ne vaelesh te hhe
sɪˈɹɛv ɑn ˈvelɛʃ hə̆ˈhɛ
v prop mi n conj n
have Ann OBJ: hat and fan
Ann has a hat and a fan.